Study in Taiwan Learning plus Adventure

Higher Education System

Despite its small size and limited natural resources, Taiwan has developed itself into a international powerhouse. According to the 2019 World Competitiveness Yearbook published by the International Institute for Management Development (IMD) in Switzerland, Taiwan ranked 16th overall in terms of global competitiveness among 63 countries, and was notably outstanding in “Economic Performance” and “Business Efficiency Indices.” The source of Taiwan’s economic prowess is its high-quality human resources, the result of the quality of Taiwanese higher education. In the 2018 Global Competitiveness Report published by the World Economic Forum (WEF), Taiwan is listed as one of the four “super innovators”, along with Germany, Switzerland, and the United States. Taiwan’s dedication to quality education is the engine that drives its competitiveness, ingenuity and innovation.


  • Brief introduction

    University/College and Graduate School Education

    Higher education in Taiwan is subject to maximum study periods, with four years provided for university education (including universities, colleges, universities of technology, and technical colleges), with 1-2 years for a Post-bachelor Second Specialty Program, and typically 2 years for a bachelor’s program. Internships can last six months to 2 years depending on the subject. Master’s Degree candidates can finish their studies in 1-4 years, and Doctoral Degree candidates in 2-7 years.



    Taiwan’s higher education institutions include 2-year junior colleges, 5-year junior colleges, and 4-year universities. Taiwan has 158 universities, colleges, and junior colleges serving over 1.3 million students. Reforms in teacher training have played an important part in the expansion of higher education. Significant improvements in teacher quality can be attributed to policy adaptations and the newly-implemented evaluation system. Currently, Ph.D. degree holders account for over 80% of faculty in Taiwan universities; the figure has increased by 15% in the past 10 years. Professors account for one-third of all teaching personnel. To maintain competitiveness, Taiwan’s government has invested more than US$400 million in higher education annually in the last five years to encourage universities to enhance their standards for research and teaching, with remarkable results.

    Although Taiwan’s higher education system has gained recognition for its achievements in many areas, tuition remains very reasonable. In 2005, the Ministry of Education and several universities jointly established the Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan to regularly evaluate universities in terms of the quality of faculty, teaching, research, and service. The Ministry also encourages universities to obtain international certifications. Taiwan has also secured significant achievements in the area of innovation. In 2015, the World Economic Forum (WEF), ranked Taiwan 11th for innovation among 144 countries. The research and instruction taking place in Taiwan’s universities has created a critical mass of innovation and creativity, and these achievements are consistently recognized in international design competitions including Germany’s iF Awards and the Red Dot Awards.

  • Higher Technological and Vocational Education

    Taiwan's government attaches great importance to technological and vocational education (TVE) as a key contributor to economic development and prosperity.
    At the higher education level, TVE is primarily provided by five-year junior college programs at the post-secondary level, and at the tertiary level by two-year junior college programs, institutes of technology, and universities of science and technology, collectively referred to as "TVE higher education institutions."

    Looking forward, Taiwan's secondary and higher level TVE will continue to focus on providing useful, practical, work-oriented courses to equip students with the knowledge and key competencies needed for the job market. The TVE sector will integrate with local industries and train and educate students with appropriate specialized skills to promote local development. It will also engage in more international exchanges and cooperative projects with TVE sectors in other countries. In addition, Taiwan will continue to boost career awareness and exploration programs for elementary and junior high school students to nurture young students' interest in technological and vocational fields.